5 Required Elements of Great Landscape Design

Landscape design is both an art and a science—it requires detailed knowledge, know-how, creativity, and a grand vision. It’s more than just planting a couple flower beds near your walkway or building a porch in the front yard. And while all landscaped yards will look different in aesthetic, they all have these five landscaping concepts in common.

1. Don’t Be Impulsive

Many homeowners excited about landscape design make the mistake of jumping in feet first without a plan. They’re out shopping and purchase flowers, plants, and flowers. They buy pots of all shapes and sizes, and perhaps even walkway lighting. They purchase fire or water features or a garden wall without much thought. The problem with purchasing before planning is that your landscape design won’t have an overarching theme or design. Your plants, flowers, and pots may be mismatched, or they might not quite fit the size of your yard, your ultimate style, or the function you need from the space.

2. A Master Plan

That’s why it’s so important to create a master plan before you purchase any items. This is by far the most important element of landscape design. In this planning phase, it’s best to seek out the advice and expertise of professional landscapers. They can guide you to create a theme that works for your yard and your family. Not only this, but they’ll also consider the effects of the shade or sun, the grading of your land, and ambience you’re going for.

After an overarching design plan has been created, you can then start getting into the details.

3. Softscapes

Every landscape design will include naturally occurring elements, known as softscapes. This includes plants, flowers, trees, and bushes, whether they’re already in your yard or you will plant them in the near future. When it comes to choosing softscapes, you should consider how large they will get five, 10, and 20 years down the road, as well as how easy or difficult they will be to maintain. Consider your green thumb carefully here, as you don’t want to get over your head. There are plenty of easy-to-maintain softscapes you can choose from if you don’t have the time or ability to maintain your plants.

Aside from considering which plants, trees, and flowers you’ll plant, you should also need to evaluate where you’ll plant them. You want to achieve an attractive line of sight and a symmetrical balance through strategic placement of vegetation. The sizes, shapes, and colours of these plants and flowers also must be considered.

4. Hardscapes

Hardscapes consists of any construction pieces you put in your yard, such as a deck, patio, bird bath, or fire feature. You may even go a step further by considering an outdoor bar or kitchen. When it comes to hardscapes, you need to carefully consider the materials, ensuring they can withstand inclement weather. You’ll also want to ensure they suit your needs, whether you want a play area for the kids or an entertainment space for friends and family. Budget, function, and users will all need to be factored into these decisions.

5. Flow and Separation

You want the flow of your yard to make sense, which is why separation and paths are so important. This will not only increase the functionality of the space but also improve the aesthetic line of sight to enhance the beauty of your yard. If your firepit or gazebo is the focal point of the landscape design, then all paths should meet there. These paths should also be lined with greenery to enhance users’ enjoyment of them.

When it comes to landscape design, make sure you have a master plan that describes the softscapes, hardscapes, and layout of your yard.

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